Longhorn nodes must meet the following requirements:

  • x86-64 CPU with SSE4.2 instruction support


    Currently, V2 Data Engine only supports x86_64 platform.

  • Linux kernel

    5.13 or later is required for NVMe over TCP support

  • Linux kernel modules

    • uio
    • uio_pci_generic
    • nvme-tcp
  • Huge page support

    • 1 GiB of 2 MiB-sized pages



When the V2 Data Engine is enabled, each instance-manager pod utilizes 1 CPU core. This high CPU usage is attributed to the spdk_tgt process running within each instance-manager pod. The spdk_tgt process is responsible for handling input/output (IO) operations and requires intensive polling. As a result, it consumes 100% of a dedicated CPU core to efficiently manage and process the IO requests, ensuring optimal performance and responsiveness for storage operations.


SPDK utilizes huge pages to enhance performance and minimize memory overhead. To enable the usage of huge pages, it is necessary to configure 2MiB-sized huge pages on each Longhorn node. Specifically, 512 pages (equivalent to a total of 1 GiB) need to be available on each Longhorn node.


Local NVMe disks are highly recommended for optimal storage performance of volumes using V2 Data Engine.

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