MTLS Support

Longhorn supports MTLS to secure and encrypt the grpc communication between the control plane (longhorn-manager) and the data plane (instance-managers). For Certificate setup we use the Kubernetes secret mechanism in combination with an optional secret mount for the longhorn-manager/instance-manager.

Requirements

In a default installation mtls is disabled to enable mtls support one needs to create a longhorn-grpc-tls secret in the longhorn-system namespace before deployment. The secret is specified as an optional secret mount for the longhorn-manager/instance-managers so if it does not exist when these components are started, mtls will not be used and a restart of the components will be required to enable tls support.

The longhorn-manager has a non tls client fallback for mixed mode setups where there are old instance-managers that were started without tls support.

Self Signed Certificate Setup

You should create a ca.crt with the CA flag set which is then used to sign the tls.crt this will allow you to rotate the tls.crt in the future without service interruptions. You can use openssl or cfssl for the ca.crt as well as tls.crt certificate generation.

The tls.crt certificate should use longhorn-backend for the common name and the below list of entries for the Subject Alternative Name.

Common Name: longhorn-backend
Subject Alternative Names: longhorn-backend, longhorn-backend.longhorn-system, longhorn-backend.longhorn-system.svc, longhorn-frontend, longhorn-frontend.longhorn-system, longhorn-frontend.longhorn-system.svc, longhorn-engine-manager, longhorn-engine-manager.longhorn-system, longhorn-engine-manager.longhorn-system.svc, longhorn-replica-manager, longhorn-replica-manager.longhorn-system, longhorn-replica-manager.longhorn-system.svc, longhorn-csi, longhorn-csi.longhorn-system, longhorn-csi.longhorn-system.svc, longhorn-backend, IP Address:127.0.0.1

Setting up Kubernetes Secrets

The ca.crt is the certificate of the certificate authority that was used to sign the tls.crt which will be used both by the client (longhorn-manager) and the server (instance-manager) for grpc mtls authentication. The tls.key is associated private key for the created tls.crt.

The longhorn-grpc-tls yaml looks like the below example, If you are having trouble getting your own certificates to work you can base decode the below certificate and compare it against your own generated certificates via openssl x509 -in tls.crt -text -noout.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: longhorn-grpc-tls
  namespace: longhorn-system
type: kubernetes.io/tls
data:
  ca.crt: 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
  tls.crt: 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
  tls.key: LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBFQyBQUklWQVRFIEtFWS0tLS0tCk1IY0NBUUVFSUwzbjZVZzlhZU1Day9XbkZ2L1pmSTlxMkIyakxnbjFRWGQwcjhIL3k2QkhvQW9HQ0NxR1NNNDkKQXdFSG9VUURRZ0FFTE5BVUllSy92emloZzdrVDl3cThqdThVTnVzbnNhc3ZpaUtVR0J6ZG5WZ3ZTUnczYWM3eApFNFJCOWZnK2NGdVR6ekZoU0dGVUtVSlhpWHl3QVdnSjhRPT0KLS0tLS1FTkQgRUMgUFJJVkFURSBLRVktLS0tLQo=

For more information on creating a secret, see the Kubernetes documentation. The secret must be created in the longhorn-system namespace for Longhorn to access it.

Note: Make sure to use echo -n when generating the base64 encoding, otherwise a new line will be added at the end of the string which will cause an error during loading of the certificates.

History

Available since v1.3.0 #3839


© 2019-2022 Longhorn Authors | Documentation Distributed under CC-BY-4.0


© 2022 The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved. The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our Trademark Usage page.